MAX IV operates 16 beamlines with an opportunity to add more in the future. The beamlines are situated on our 1.5 GeV (R1) or 3 GeV (R3) storage rings or the Short Pulse Facility at the end of the linear accelerator. Our beamlines provide modern X-ray tools to address scientific questions with spectroscopy, diffraction and scattering, or imaging techniques. Each beamline page includes information on the science they contribute to, their specifications, and contact information.
More detailed information about our beamlines is provided in the following document, especially about their X-ray photon energy range but also how most of them benefit from the small emittance of our light sources.
Conceptual Design Reports in collaboration with WISE
MAX IV is, in collaboration with the Wallenberg Initiative Materials Science for Sustainability (WISE), developing conceptual design reports (CDRs) for three different beamlines. The three beamline projects have been selected jointly between MAX IV and WISE to fit both the MAX IV Strategy and the needs of WISE researchers. One source of input has been the most recent round of Expressions of Interest (EoIs) as part of the roadmap process at MAX IV.
A Diffraction Beamline for Materials Science for Sustainability
With input from the “OPERA” EoI
A diffraction beamline offering surface and powder X-ray diffraction in the photon energy range of 12–30 keV. The conceptual design features flexible heavy-duty sample environments and in-line optics for maximum user-friendliness. It extends the MAX IV capabilities for grazing-incidence surface X-ray diffraction experiments on solids and liquids, as well as for fast operando experiments – with an emphasis on industrial processes. This beamline specialises in operando diffraction experiments on surface reactions, cutting tool coatings, catalytic reactions, and battery materials, with the possibility to record data in microsecond time intervals. Thus, it complements already available diffraction and scattering beamlines such as DanMAX, CoSAXS, and ForMAX.
An Imaging Beamline for Materials Science for Sustainability
With input from the “GTiMAX” EoI
An imaging beamline dedicated to tomography offering micro- and nanotomography with a spatial resolution ranging from 100 nm to 5 µm and a field of view up to 10 mm using beam expansion optics. The primary intended energy range is 15–45 keV, potentially reaching up to 60 keV. With the low-emittance 3 GeV ring, MAX IV is in an excellent position to offer a state-of-the-art dedicated tomography beamline. Fast tomography with acquisition rates up to 20 Hz will enable in situ imaging of dynamic processes. The beamline would complement the current MAX IV hard X-ray imaging portfolio, ForMAX, DanMAX, and NanoMAX, by enabling higher photon energies, larger beam size, and higher tomography acquisition rates.
A Spectroscopy Beamline for Materials Science for Sustainability
With input from the “Tender and Hard X-ray Beamline for Spectroscopy at MAX IV” EoI
A spectroscopy beamline specialising in hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) serving an already well-established Swedish user community. The preliminary design suggests a photon energy range of 2–15 keV with a resolution down to 200 meV and a high photon flux focused to a spot as small as 1 µm2. The beamline is planned to have two endstations, offering UHV HAXPES and ambient pressure HAXPES, respectively. The beamline would complement the existing MAX IV portfolio by enabling both UHV- and ambient pressure XPS at higher photon energies than the 4–2200 eV available at the six beamlines currently offering photoelectron spectroscopy.