General and Fire Safety
It is important to prepare for emergency situations before they arise. You must be familiar with the part of the building you are in and be able to localize:
- The evacuation routes
- The assembly point after evacuation (along A building wall close to D building entrance)
- First aid stations, defibrillators, eyewash stations and emergency showers
- The nearest fire alarm button and fire extinguisher
- Ventilation failure alarm where appropriate
- Gas alarm where appropriate
- Protected and controlled areas (radiation safety)
Keeping evacuation routes and access to emergency equipment free from obstacles is vital for all our safety.
The facility is equipped with fire detectors. When a fire is detected the evacuation alarm starts and a signal is sent to SOS Alarm.
Evacuate the laboratory when you hear the evacuation alarm (alarm bells) or when an evacuation is announced through the loudspeakers (E-building). This applies even if you have not noted any danger yourself. Leave the building by one of the evacuation routes and go to the assembly point. On your way out, warn people in your surroundings and encourage them to evacuate. Do not use the elevators.
If you observe a fire or other serious threat
You must always consider your own safety first, adding another casualty is never right. But as long as you can do so safely you should first save those in danger and then warn those threatened by danger. Then press a fire alarm button to start the evacuation alarm (the alarm is also sent to SOS Alarm) and evacuate the building. As soon as possible, call 112 to SOS Alarm to give additional information to the emergency services. Always meet up with the emergency services to guide them to the location of the accident.
In case of a small fire
You should never enter a smoke filled enclosure, but if feasible try to smother the fire with suitable material or with fire extinguishers. If you cannot extinguish a fire safely then try to limit fire spread by for instance closing any door that could contain the fire when you evacuate.
Ventilation failure alarm
The chemistry labs, some beamlines and a few other enclosures, have local ventilation failure alarms. When these go off it is generally enough to evacuate the enclosure in question. If you are aware that the current activity in that enclosure may generate hazardous conditions outside that enclosure, e.g. if highly toxic substances are exposed, then press a fire alarm button to initiate evacuation of that building. More information about handling toxic substances can be found under chemical and gas safety.
Give first aid, in case of heart failure using the closest defibrillator. If possible, remain with the victim. Shout for help, and if necessary, have someone call 112 to SOS Alarm for an ambulance. Make sure someone meets the ambulance to guide them to the location of the patient.
All accidents and incidents must be reported to Lund University and the MAX IV Laboratory’s HSE manager. If they are in any way related to construction areas these must also be reported to an Occupational health coordinator (Bas-U). Your line manager needs to be involved when reporting both incidents and accidents.
Below some general rules are listed that apply all over the facility. Area or task specific rules and guidelines are posted elsewhere.
Fire safety rules
- Flammable gases and liquids must be kept in designated ventilated cabinets when they are not in use. Exception: where solvents are frequently used for cleaning purposes these may be stored in small bottles at the workplace. This amount should be minimized and may never exceed the limits stated in each area’s ATEX documentation.
- Transfer of flammable liquid to smaller vessels must be done in a fume hood or outdoors.
- Minimize the amount of flammable material at your workplace and dispose of packaging and other flammable material as soon as possible. At the latest at the end of your workday.
- Do not block evacuation routes and access to emergency equipment.
- Hot work may only be performed by those with the necessary education and a valid permit for the task at hand.
Trucks, traverses, lifts, concrete doors and cranes
Trucks, traverses, lifts, concrete doors and cranes may only be operated by those who have the appropriate training. Suitable safety equipment must be used.
Solitary work means work carried out in physical or social isolation from other people and should be avoided as far as reasonable. Hazardous work may not be performed as solitary work.
In order to determine whether an operation may be performed or not, the ability to quickly get help if something unexpected happens is vital. This may, depending on the operation, often be solved by having mobile phone contact with somebody, by having someone periodically check up on you, or by asking somebody nearby to assist you.
All doors in the outer walls are connected to the burglary alarm. Entrance doors, i.e. doors with card readers, will send an alarm if kept open for more than 60 seconds (a buzzer will sound 30 seconds before) – all other doors send an alarm immediately if opened.