In the race for ever faster, smaller and more energy-efficient devices, scientists around the world have been trying to develop ways to take advantage of the electron’s tiny magnetic movement, known as its spin, in a field of study called spintronics. This requires the engineering of electronic states in solids, which are spin-polarised. For decades
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Although it receives little attention, AIDS continues to be a pandemic, with an estimated 35 million people infected as of 2014. Despite the increased awareness of AIDS worldwide, only about 54% of the population needing treatment have access to proper healthcare (as of 2012). Once a person has been infected, the disease can be
Osteoporosis is partly a result of ageing and increases the risk of bone fractures. Approximately half of all women experience an increased risk of bone fracture after menopause. The most common scenario is that people suffering from osteoporosis first break their wrist and then, later in life, the femoral neck, often resulting in severe complications.