MicroMAX will provide new opportunities in structural biology. It will make it possible to study extremely small crystals, below ten micrometer down to sub-micrometer size, and give high quality data. This will be possible with new methods, commonly referred to as serial crystallography, and by exploiting the performance of MAX IV.
By making it possible to collect data from these extremely small crystals it will be possible to tackle new scientific problems for example in the area of membrane bound proteins.
With these methods, it will be possible to collect high quality data at room-temperature giving biologically more relevant information than from samples at cryogenic temperatures.
Serial crystallography also opens new possibilities for time-resolved studies combining the atomic resolution data from crystallography with dynamic information of biological processes. Since MicroMAX will make it possible to use micrometer sized samples, new possibilities to trigger reactions will become possible, for example by diffusion. Combined with the high flux of MicroMAX, boosted by a wide bandpass beam, this will allow time-resolved experiments down to the microsecond time-scale.
MicroMAX will also provide a state-of-the-art setup for oscillation-based data collection that can in some cases still be the best method to study these small crystals.
Thanks to the unique properties of the MAX IV 3 GeV storage ring it is the optimal source for a beamline like MicroMAX.