MAX IV Laboratory supports research aimed at sustainable solutions for the planet and a better balance of nature. For COP26 and beyond, we welcome the strong push for scientific investigation to achieve impactful strides towards a greener future.

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UNITING THE WORLD TO TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE. The UK will host the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26) in Glasgow on 31 October – 12 November 2021.

 

Committed to Research

MAX IV Laboratory enables the research ambitions and data-driven solutions of the X-ray user community and industry. As part of the global efforts of Big Science, we recognise the importance of pursuing research, fundamental or practical, which can improve our natural environment.

Scientist use our extremely bright X-rays and high-performance beamlines to deliver impactful studies that benefit society in sustainable ways, from solar energy, batteries, and biofuels, to climate, 2D materials, plant science and more. These works advance both cross-disciplinary research and the development of new applications. In essence, MAX IV facilitates the brilliant ideas of researchers with X-ray light to uniquely solve the major challenges of our times.

 

Mapping the genetic tools of fungi for fuel production

Fungal enzymes play an important role in the breakdown of plant cell walls during plant degradation. An international collaboration of researchers explored the auxiliary activities 7 (AA7) enzyme family. The study, published in Nature Communications, offers promise for tuning the efficiency of enzymatic breakdown processes of biomass feedstocks used in energy and biomaterial production.

A fuel conversion process akin to photosynthesis

Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden are developing a promising new method to selectively convert carbon dioxide and water to various types of fuel. Driving this reaction is solar energy. The recent study, published in ACS Nano, combines the material graphene and the semiconductor cubic silicon carbide in a process which essentially mimics photosynthesis in plants.

ForMAX – wood research for a better future

ForMAX is designed for research questions related to wood and wood-based materials, which will be important for the transition to a bioeconomy. The beamline is part of Treesearch, a national research platform for research and competence building in the field of new materials and specialty chemicals from forest raw materials. ForMAX opens for general users in early 2023.

HIPPIE provides a closer look at water filtration

Clean fresh water is a scarce resource. Areas of the world suffering from drought have to filter the salt out of seawater to make it drinkable. Researchers visited MAX IV’s HIPPIE beamline to better understand the inner workings of desalination membranes. The work combines chemical analysis of the material at gas pressures close to the intended operating conditions with a clever method for preparing model membrane samples for the experiment.

Catalysts : Thermal Stability of Single-Crystalline IrO2(110) Layers: Spectroscopic and Adsorption Studies

Catalysis enables the development of sustainable energy systems and production lines of bulk and fine chemicals with low environmental impact. For example, use of heterogeneous catalysis for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Researchers explored the chemical nature of the catalytic active phase of iridium-based methane activation with FlexPES beamline, gaining insights on the flexible nature of the catalyst surface.

Disruptive solar cell company uses synchrotron X-rays to study radical product optimisation

How can tomorrow’s solar cells become even more energy efficient? This is what pioneering company Epishine is currently investigating at MAX IV’s HIPPIE beamline. The study examines how the light cells’ chemical and electronic structure is affected by exposure to oxygen, water, and different environments.

Unveiling the properties of a versatile 2D material for energy storage and production applications

Researchers from Linköping University and MAX IV have determined the detailed surface atomic arrangement of inherently formed termination species in an important class of 2D materials known as MXene. These materials are useful in composite materials with high strength, fuel- and solar cells, 2D-based electronics, and energy storage systems. The study holds potential for materials use in energy storage and production applications.

 

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