Electrochemical / Liquid Cell

PurposeTo enable photoelectron spectroscopy at the solid-liquid and liquid-gas interfaces via use of dip-and-pull or liquid microjet methods
DescriptionLarge volume vacuum vessel with two manipulators. Top manipulator holds the sample or microjet; bottom manipulator holds beaker or catcher. Cell access is done via 300 mm front "door" (load-lock style). Sample exchange (EC configuration) is done via removing the sample holder from manipulator.

Cell can be equipped with Ar or N2-filled glove bag or glove box

Vessel is equipped with halogen lamps for homogenous environment heating
Base pressure1.0 E-5 mbar
Cell not bakeable
Pressure range1.0 E-5 mbar - 30 mbar
Top (sample) manipulatorX, Y, Z, R
motorised
Bottom (beaker) manipulatorX, Y, Z
motorised
EC sample holder3-electrode setup: WE, RE, and CE placed one after other. WE and CE can be measured by XPS
Sample holder can be easily removed from manipulator in order to exchange electrodes/samples
Beaker/Catcher holderCan hold beakers up to 50 mm diameter and up to 60 mm height. Heating or cooling can be provided
PotentiostatBio-Logic SP200. E range +/- 10V. I range +/- 1 mA.
Liquid microjetJet insert can replace EC sample holder. Jet operates at equilibrium liquid pressure (24 mbar for water at RT). Nozzles of 15 and 20 µm size are available. Sample loop of 10 ml volume. Capillary mixing of 2 liquids is available. Jet manipulator has heating/cooling jacket. Catcher (bottom manipulator) size: 300 ml. Catcher can be heated and cooled.
AvailabilityTested and available for expert users in 2018-II

Pt 4f (left) and O 1s photoelectron spectra from Pt foil through 20 nm of water film with full electrochemical control
Shifts of water O1s by 1 eV correspond to change on the changes of electrical potential (controlled by potentiostat) by 1 V. Position of Pt peak remain unchanged due to grounding of the sample.
Photon energy: 1800 eV, slit size: 100 µm, acquisition time (per spectrum): 96 s.

Offline testing of liquid microjet