Wood is a fiber composite material which exhibits structure at many different length scales. Many properties of wood, such as its excellent mechanical properties, are attributed to this hierarchical structure. Wood is also an abundant renewable resource. A focus of current research is thus to develop new material concepts from wood, yielding bio-based materials and products with improved properties or even new functionality. Examples of possible applications range from textiles and personal care products, via fire-retardant insulation materials and cellulose-based 3D printing, to smart window panes and electronics applications.

MAX IV will facilitate these research developments together with academic and industrial partners through the ForMAX project, a versatile instrument dedicated to simultaneous structural characterisation from macroscopic to atomic length scales by combining x-ray imaging with small- and wide-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS). The high-performance x-ray beam at ForMAX will be complemented by several dedicated sample environments, and we foresee studies ranging, e.g., from in-situ pulp processing to structural characterisation of nanocellulose-based advanced materials.

ForMAX will provide unique materials characterisation possibilities via simultaneous, temporally resolved SAXS, WAXS, and x-ray imaging. It will thus meet the needs of a large and broad user community, whether studying wood-based or other materials.

Techniques SAXS/WAXS, scanning SAXS/WAXS, full-field imaging.
Beam Size Depends on mode of operation.
Energy Range 4-25 keV (preliminary).
Time Scales Depends on mode of operation.
Samples Wood-based materials, soft matter.


ForMAX – wood research for a better future

  MAX IV Laboratory has received 100 million SEK from Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation for the investment in a new beamline, ForMAX, designed to serve both academia and industry. The new beamline is tailor-made for solving research questions related to materials from wood and will be a part of the transition to a bioeconomy.