Insertion device

The photon source of the FinEstBeaMS beamline is an Elliptically Polarizing Undulator (EPU).

Magnetic structure
95.2 mm period, 26 periods,
14 mm minimal gap, 2.475 m magnetic length, maximum magnetic field 1.13 T
DesignAPPLE II design with permanent magnets
Energy (wavelength) range
4.3 - 1000 eV (288 - 1.24 nm), 1486 eV (0.83 nm) reachable when EPU is used as wiggler
PolarizationLinear, circular and elliptical


Beamline optics

The optical layout of the FinEstBeaMS beamline is based on the plane grating monochromator illuminated with collimated light.

Collimating opticsSide cooled toroidal collimating mirror
Monochromator (cPGM)
Collimating plane grating monochromator with 2 plane gratings (92 and 600 mm/l) , internally cooled plane mirror
Focusing opticsToroidal mirrors. Focusing mirrors are used to switch the beam between branch lines by moving one or other one in front of the beam path.
Exit slitRectangular high precision slits
Re-focusing opticsSingle ellipsoidal mirror
Photon resolutionΔE/E up to 1 x 10E-4 (2.4 meV at 10 eV, 11.4 meV at 150 eV and 20-30 meV at 290 eV)
Flux at sample (focused)8 x 10E13 - 10E11 ph/s (4.3 – 800 eV), 10E12 ph/s (1000 eV when EPU is used as wiggler)
Beam size at sample

100 x 100 μm2 (horizontal x vertical), 20 x 30 μm2 when limiting exit slit and baffles
200 x 100 μm2 (horizontal x vertical) in wiggler mode


Figure. Estimated photon flux at experiment for the 92 l/mm grating (curve at left, black colour) and the 600 l/mm grating (curve at right, red colour) for resolving power of 5000, i.e. 0.02% band width. Beamline acceptance was set at 1 mrad × 0.2 mrad, and it was assumed that the most efficient undulator harmonic is tuned for each photon energy. A ring current of 500 mA was used in these calculations. Solid squares and open circles show the first order flux for the two gratings after using filters of 200 nm thickness under the condition that the sum of the second and third order flux is 1% or less of the first order flux. Horizontal bars depict the energy ranges of the different filters.